Background: Management of heart failure (HF) involves complex self-care recommendations. Many patients have difficulty adhering to these recommendations, and mechanisms that support behavior change are poorly understood. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions and motivations of individuals with HF who became adherent to HF treatment recommendations after being non-adherent. Methods: This was a qualitative descriptive study. Participants were recruited from cardiology clinics and completed a semi-structured interview on their experiences and motivations for self-care behavior change. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis. The sample size (n = 8) was sufficient to achieve saturation. Results: Five themes were identified: experiencing mortality, optimism and hope, making connections between behavior and health, self–efficacy, and the role of the clinician. The temporal chronological sequence of these themes across participants varied. Conclusions: This study adds to our current understanding of HF self-care by suggesting mechanisms that may enhance existing self-care interventions, and demonstrating the important role of the clinician.
- Health Behavior
- Heart failure
- Qualitative research
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine