A practical cost-effective management strategy for gallstone pancreatitis

Lawrence E. Tabone, Molly Conlon, Emil Fernando, Sophia C Yi, Sharfi Sarker, P. Marco Fisichella, Fred A. Luchette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of various surgeon strategies used to evaluate and treat common duct stones (CDSs) in patients presenting with mild to moderate gallstone pancreatitis (GP). Methods: We performed a retrospective review of patients admitted for mild to moderate GP. Data variables included laboratory values and radiology images, indications for and findings of intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), length of stay (LOS), and hospital charges. Data were stratified by 2 different management strategies: preoperative ERCP and then laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or LC with IOC followed by selective postoperative ERCP. Results: During this time period, 80 patients met the study criteria, 56 were treated by LC with IOC, and 24 had a preoperative ERCP performed. The incidence of CDS was 33% (n = 26). The presence of CDSs correlated with an elevated total bilirubin at admission (CDSs 3.5 mg/dL vs 2.1 mg/dL no CDSs, P <.01) and 24 hours after admission (CDS 3.2 mg/dL vs 1.5 mg/dL no CDS, P <.01). Patients who had an IOC compared with those who had preoperative ERCP had a shorter LOS (4.6 vs 5.9 days, P =.04) and lower hospital charges (US $28,510 vs US $38,620; P <.01). Conclusions: Elevated total bilirubin at admission and 24 hours after admission may predict a patient's risk for CDS. We found that the management of uncomplicated GP with early LC and IOC results in decreased LOS and total hospital charges when compared with preoperative ERCP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-477
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume206
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Choledocholithiasis
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • Gallstone pancreatitis
  • Hospital charges
  • Intraoperative cholangiogram
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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