A potential physiological role for bi-directional motility and motor clustering of mitotic kinesin-5 Cin8 in yeast mitosis

Ofer Shapira, Alina Goldstein, Jawdat Al-Bassam, Larisa Gheber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The bipolar kinesin-5 Cin8 switches from minus- to plus-end-directed motility under various conditions in vitro. The mechanism and physiological significance of this switch remain unknown. Here, we show that under high ionic strength conditions, Cin8 moves towards and concentrates in clusters at the minus ends of stable and dynamic microtubules. Clustering of Cin8 induces a switch from fast minus- to slow plus-end-directed motility and forms sites that capture antiparallel microtubules (MTs) and induces their sliding apart through plus-end-directed motility. In early mitotic cells with monopolar spindles, Cin8 localizes near the spindle poles at microtubule minus ends. This localization is dependent on the minus-end-directed motility of Cin8. In cells with assembled bipolar spindles, Cin8 is distributed along the spindle microtubules. We propose that minus-end-directed motility is required for Cin8 clustering near the spindle poles before spindle assembly. Cin8 clusters promote the capture of microtubules emanating from the neighboring spindle poles and mediate their antiparallel sliding. This activity is essential to maximize microtubule crosslinking before bipolar spindle assembly and to induce the initial separation of the spindle poles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-734
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume130
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Kinesin
Mitosis
Microtubules
Spindle Poles
Cluster Analysis
Yeasts
Osmolar Concentration

Keywords

  • Cin8
  • Kinesin-5
  • Microtubules
  • Mitosis
  • Mitotic spindle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

A potential physiological role for bi-directional motility and motor clustering of mitotic kinesin-5 Cin8 in yeast mitosis. / Shapira, Ofer; Goldstein, Alina; Al-Bassam, Jawdat; Gheber, Larisa.

In: Journal of Cell Science, Vol. 130, No. 4, 01.01.2017, p. 725-734.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shapira, Ofer ; Goldstein, Alina ; Al-Bassam, Jawdat ; Gheber, Larisa. / A potential physiological role for bi-directional motility and motor clustering of mitotic kinesin-5 Cin8 in yeast mitosis. In: Journal of Cell Science. 2017 ; Vol. 130, No. 4. pp. 725-734.
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