Two different methods were developed to prepare an adduct of a poly(ethylene glycol)-lysine copolymer with either cysteamine or 1-amino-2-methyl-2-propanethiol. Cysteine-containing peptides could then be disulfide-linked to the thiol groups on the polymer in a facile manner. In the described procedures, a coupling ratio of about 8 peptides/molecule of poly(ethylene glycol)-lysine copolymer (M(w) = 27 000) was typically attained. The products were stable at neutral pH, but the peptides could be released from the polymer in a physiologically relevant reducing environment. The release rate was highly dependent on the linker used for forming the disulfide bond. To illustrate the potential biomedical usefulness of this polymer carrier, a Tat peptide-PEG conjugate was shown to inhibit expression of a reporter gene fused to the TAR element of human immunodeficiency virus in a model cell assay.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)