Purpose: Flavopiridol is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that prevents cell cycle progression and tumor growth. In initial phase I studies, encouraging responses were seen in advanced renal cell cancer (RCC). In a phase II study of flavopiridol given as a 72-h continuous infusion every 2 weeks in RCC, a response rate of 6% was seen but with considerable grade 3 or 4 asthenia, diarrhea, and thrombosis. Subsequently, an alternative 1-h bolus schedule was reported to have enhanced tolerability in a phase I trial. We therefore conducted a phase II study of this bolus regimen. Methods: A total of 38 patients with advanced RCC were entered into this multi-institutional phase II study. Flavopiridol (50 mg/m2 per day) was administered by bolus intravenous injection daily for three consecutive days, repeated every 3 weeks. Results: Out of 34 eligible patients, one complete response and three partial responses were observed, for an overall response rate of 12% (95% CI 3-27%). Of the 34 patients, 14 (41%) had stable disease (SD). The probability of not failing treatment by 6 months was 21% (95% CI 9-35%). Median overall survival time was 9 months (95% CI 8-18 months). The most common grade 3 or 4 toxicities were diarrhea (35%) and tumor pain (12%) along with anemia, dyspnea, and fatigue (9% each). Conclusions: Flavopiridol at this dose and schedule is feasible with an acceptable toxicity profile. Flavopiridol has some modest biologic activity against advanced RCC, as evidenced by its single-agent objective response and SD rates.
- Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor
- Renal cell neoplasm
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research