A peripheral and central T cell antigen recognized by a monoclonal thymocytotoxic autoantibody from New Zealand black mice

C. D. Surh, M. Eric Gershwin, A. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Naturally occurring thymocytotoxic autoantibodies (NTA) have been suggested to be the cause of thymic atrophy and T cell disorders in human and murine lupus. Definitive studies on NTA's role in the induction of SLE, however, have been lacking due to the lack of a pure source of NTA. Although it is clear that NTA are a heterogeneous group of antibodies, the nature of their antigens has remained obscure. We report the characteristics of a monoclonal NTA, designated SAG-3, which appears more reflective of the activities previously reported of serum NTA than other NTA-secreting clones. SAG-3 is an IgM autoantibody cytotoxic for 80 to 90% of thymocytes, 20 to 25% of splenic lymphocytes, 25 to 30% of lymph node cells, and less than 3% cortisol-resistant thymocytes, bone marrow, and fetal liver cells. SAG-3 is murine-specific without reactivity towards rat, hamster, or guinea pig, and appears very early in thymic development, on day 17 fetal thymocytes. SAG-3 is equally cytotoxic against several strains of mice, including both Thy-1.1 and Thy-1.2 allotypes, and the cytotoxicity is absorbed by brain but not liver cells. Reactive thymocytes occurred throughout the cortical regions of the thymus, indicating preferential affinity towards immature thymocytes. Although the serologic activities of SAG-3 suggest that Thy-1 alloantigen is its target, SAG-3 antigen is found to be distinct from Thy-1 and also from Lyt-1, Lyt-2, or L3T4 antigens. The binding of SAG-3 to thymocytes could be competitively inhibited by NTA-positive NZB sera.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1421-1428
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume138
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1987

Fingerprint

Viral Tumor Antigens
New Zealand
Autoantibodies
Thymocytes
T-Lymphocytes
T Lymphocyte Differentiation Antigens
Antigens
Isoantigens
Liver
Serum
Cricetinae
Thymus Gland
Atrophy
Immunoglobulin M
Hydrocortisone
Guinea Pigs
Clone Cells
Lymph Nodes
Bone Marrow
Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

A peripheral and central T cell antigen recognized by a monoclonal thymocytotoxic autoantibody from New Zealand black mice. / Surh, C. D.; Gershwin, M. Eric; Ahmed, A.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 138, No. 5, 1987, p. 1421-1428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d6c6bb40b89f4c55b3c9e9529360e534,
title = "A peripheral and central T cell antigen recognized by a monoclonal thymocytotoxic autoantibody from New Zealand black mice",
abstract = "Naturally occurring thymocytotoxic autoantibodies (NTA) have been suggested to be the cause of thymic atrophy and T cell disorders in human and murine lupus. Definitive studies on NTA's role in the induction of SLE, however, have been lacking due to the lack of a pure source of NTA. Although it is clear that NTA are a heterogeneous group of antibodies, the nature of their antigens has remained obscure. We report the characteristics of a monoclonal NTA, designated SAG-3, which appears more reflective of the activities previously reported of serum NTA than other NTA-secreting clones. SAG-3 is an IgM autoantibody cytotoxic for 80 to 90{\%} of thymocytes, 20 to 25{\%} of splenic lymphocytes, 25 to 30{\%} of lymph node cells, and less than 3{\%} cortisol-resistant thymocytes, bone marrow, and fetal liver cells. SAG-3 is murine-specific without reactivity towards rat, hamster, or guinea pig, and appears very early in thymic development, on day 17 fetal thymocytes. SAG-3 is equally cytotoxic against several strains of mice, including both Thy-1.1 and Thy-1.2 allotypes, and the cytotoxicity is absorbed by brain but not liver cells. Reactive thymocytes occurred throughout the cortical regions of the thymus, indicating preferential affinity towards immature thymocytes. Although the serologic activities of SAG-3 suggest that Thy-1 alloantigen is its target, SAG-3 antigen is found to be distinct from Thy-1 and also from Lyt-1, Lyt-2, or L3T4 antigens. The binding of SAG-3 to thymocytes could be competitively inhibited by NTA-positive NZB sera.",
author = "Surh, {C. D.} and Gershwin, {M. Eric} and A. Ahmed",
year = "1987",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "138",
pages = "1421--1428",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A peripheral and central T cell antigen recognized by a monoclonal thymocytotoxic autoantibody from New Zealand black mice

AU - Surh, C. D.

AU - Gershwin, M. Eric

AU - Ahmed, A.

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Naturally occurring thymocytotoxic autoantibodies (NTA) have been suggested to be the cause of thymic atrophy and T cell disorders in human and murine lupus. Definitive studies on NTA's role in the induction of SLE, however, have been lacking due to the lack of a pure source of NTA. Although it is clear that NTA are a heterogeneous group of antibodies, the nature of their antigens has remained obscure. We report the characteristics of a monoclonal NTA, designated SAG-3, which appears more reflective of the activities previously reported of serum NTA than other NTA-secreting clones. SAG-3 is an IgM autoantibody cytotoxic for 80 to 90% of thymocytes, 20 to 25% of splenic lymphocytes, 25 to 30% of lymph node cells, and less than 3% cortisol-resistant thymocytes, bone marrow, and fetal liver cells. SAG-3 is murine-specific without reactivity towards rat, hamster, or guinea pig, and appears very early in thymic development, on day 17 fetal thymocytes. SAG-3 is equally cytotoxic against several strains of mice, including both Thy-1.1 and Thy-1.2 allotypes, and the cytotoxicity is absorbed by brain but not liver cells. Reactive thymocytes occurred throughout the cortical regions of the thymus, indicating preferential affinity towards immature thymocytes. Although the serologic activities of SAG-3 suggest that Thy-1 alloantigen is its target, SAG-3 antigen is found to be distinct from Thy-1 and also from Lyt-1, Lyt-2, or L3T4 antigens. The binding of SAG-3 to thymocytes could be competitively inhibited by NTA-positive NZB sera.

AB - Naturally occurring thymocytotoxic autoantibodies (NTA) have been suggested to be the cause of thymic atrophy and T cell disorders in human and murine lupus. Definitive studies on NTA's role in the induction of SLE, however, have been lacking due to the lack of a pure source of NTA. Although it is clear that NTA are a heterogeneous group of antibodies, the nature of their antigens has remained obscure. We report the characteristics of a monoclonal NTA, designated SAG-3, which appears more reflective of the activities previously reported of serum NTA than other NTA-secreting clones. SAG-3 is an IgM autoantibody cytotoxic for 80 to 90% of thymocytes, 20 to 25% of splenic lymphocytes, 25 to 30% of lymph node cells, and less than 3% cortisol-resistant thymocytes, bone marrow, and fetal liver cells. SAG-3 is murine-specific without reactivity towards rat, hamster, or guinea pig, and appears very early in thymic development, on day 17 fetal thymocytes. SAG-3 is equally cytotoxic against several strains of mice, including both Thy-1.1 and Thy-1.2 allotypes, and the cytotoxicity is absorbed by brain but not liver cells. Reactive thymocytes occurred throughout the cortical regions of the thymus, indicating preferential affinity towards immature thymocytes. Although the serologic activities of SAG-3 suggest that Thy-1 alloantigen is its target, SAG-3 antigen is found to be distinct from Thy-1 and also from Lyt-1, Lyt-2, or L3T4 antigens. The binding of SAG-3 to thymocytes could be competitively inhibited by NTA-positive NZB sera.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023106583&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023106583&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3543129

AN - SCOPUS:0023106583

VL - 138

SP - 1421

EP - 1428

JO - Journal of Immunology

JF - Journal of Immunology

SN - 0022-1767

IS - 5

ER -