Objective To assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, and exploratory efficacy of SM04690, a novel Wnt pathway inhibitor, as a potential disease modifying treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Design Subjects with Kellgren-Lawrence grade 2–3 knee OA were randomized in successive dose-escalation cohorts to receive a knee intra-articular (IA) injection with 0.03, 0.07, or 0.23 mg SM04690, or placebo (PBO) (4:1 ratio). Safety, pharmacokinetics, efficacy (WOMAC Total/Function/Pain, Pain VAS, Physician Global Assessment [MDGA], and OMERACT-OARSI Response), OA-related biomarker (P1NP, ß-CTX, and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein [COMP]), and radiographic/imaging data were collected at baseline and during 24-week follow-up. Results 61 subjects (SM04690 n = 50; PBO n = 11) enrolled. Two dose limiting toxicities (DLTs), increased pain following injection and paroxysmal tachycardia (also the single serious AE), were reported in the 0.07 mg cohort. A total of 72 AEs were reported; Sixteen (occurring in eight subjects) were considered related to study medication. There were three discontinuations; one due to an AE (0.03 mg cohort). Bone marrow edema (BME) remained constant for most subjects. No doses were excluded from further study due to DLT criteria. Plasma levels of SM04690 were below the limit of detection at all time points. At Week 24, improvements from baseline were seen in all cohorts for the exploratory measures WOMAC Total, WOMAC Function, WOMAC Pain, MDGA, Pain VAS, and OMERACT-OARSI response. Joint space width (JSW) improvement was observed in the 0.07 mg cohort (P = 0.02 vs PBO). Conclusion SM04690 appeared safe and well tolerated, with no evidence of systemic exposure. Exploratory efficacy analyses suggested positive trends for measurements of OA pain, function and disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD) properties. ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT02095548.
- Small molecule
- Wnt pathway
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine