Hydrogen-capped silicon nanoparticles with strong blue photoluminescence were synthesized by the metathesis reaction of sodium silicide, NaSi, with NH4Br. The hydrogen-capped Si nanoparticles were further terminated with octyl groups and then coated with a polymer to render them water-soluble. The nanoparticles were characterized by TEM, FT-IR, UV-vis absorption and photoluminescence. The Si nanoparticles were shown to have an average diameter of 3.9 ± 1.3 nm and exhibited room temperature photoluminescence with a peak maximum at 438 nm with a quantum efficiency of 32% in hexane and 18% in water; the emission was stable in ambient air for up to 2 months. These nanoparticles could hold great potential as a non-heavy-element-containing quantum dot for applications in biology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials