A modified panel trap and immobilization technique for capturing multiple wild pig

Richard A. Sweitzer, Ben J. Gonzales, Ian Gardner, Dirk Van Vuren, John D. Waithman, Walter M Boyce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

A portable modified steel mesh panel trap was developed to reduce injuries that wild pigs (Sus scrofa) suffered when captured in simple square panel traps. We avoided use of physical restraint for immobilizations by using a drug combination of Telazol® and xylazine hydrochloride (HCl) that was injected with blow darts. Heart rates, respiration rates, and body temperatures were all lower for animals immobilized with Telazol and xylazine HCl compared to relatively few animals that were restrained for immobilization with ketamine HCl and xylazine HCl. We captured an average of 2.5 pigs per trap night, and in 343 captures only 11 animals were injured. There were no capture-related mortalities. Also, the trap was efficient at capturing multiple-animal groups, and there was no difference in the mean size of pig groups captured using a top-hinged gate (x̄ = 4.7, SE = 0.6) or a side-hinged squeeze gate (x̄ = 4.2, SE = 0.4).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-705
Number of pages7
JournalWildlife Society Bulletin
Volume25
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1997

Keywords

  • Capture stress
  • Capture success
  • Immobilizations
  • Sus scrofa
  • Trap design
  • Trap success
  • Wildlife restraint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology

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    Sweitzer, R. A., Gonzales, B. J., Gardner, I., Van Vuren, D., Waithman, J. D., & Boyce, W. M. (1997). A modified panel trap and immobilization technique for capturing multiple wild pig. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 25(3), 699-705.