A model and framework for visualization exploration

T. J. Jankun-Kelly, Kwan-Liu Ma, Michael Gertz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Visualization exploration is the process of extracting insight from data via interaction with visual depictions of that data. Visualization exploration is more than presentation; the interaction with both the data and its depiction is as important as the data and depiction itself. Significant visualization research has focused on the generation of visualizations (the depiction); less effort has focused on the exploratory aspects of visualization (the process). However, without formal models of the process, visualization exploration sessions cannot be fully utilized to assist users and system designers. Toward this end, we introduce the P-Set Model of Visualization Exploration for describing this process and a framework to encapsulate, share, and analyze visual explorations. In addition, systems utilizing the model and framework are more efficient as redundant exploration is avoided. Several examples drawn from visualization applications demonstrate these benefits. Taken together, the model and framework provide an effective means to exploit the information within the visual exploration process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-368
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007


  • Collaboration
  • Derivation
  • History
  • Science of visualization
  • Software framework
  • Visualization
  • Visualization exploration process
  • Visualization systems
  • XML

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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