A liquid perfluorochemical decreases the in vitro production of reactive oxygen species by alveolar macrophages

T. M. Smith, D. M. Steinhorn, K. Thusu, B. P. Fuhrman, P. Dandona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether reactive oxygen metabolite production by alveolar macrophages is affected by liquid perfluorochemical exposure. Design: Controlled, animal laboratory investigation of alveolar macrophage function in vitro. Setting: Animal research facility of a health sciences university. Subjects: Six adult male New Zealand white rabbits and six young piglets. Interventions: Alveolar macrophages were obtained after sacrifice from both species by total lung lavage. Macrophages were divided into control and experimental groups. Macrophages in the experimental groups were exposed to perfluorooctylbromide. To determine production of reactive oxygen metabolites, hydrogen peroxide production and chemiluminescence were measured in both experimental and control groups after chemical stimulation. Measurements and Main Results: Perfluorooctylbromide-exposed alveolar macrophages produced significantly less hydrogen peroxide (1.4 ± 1.5 vs. 2.4 ± 1.6 nmol/106 cells; p = .002). Perfluorooctylbromide-exposed alveolar macrophages demonstrated significantly less chemiluminescence activity compared with nonexposed cells (0.70 ± 0.2 vs. 1.5 ± 0.2 mV of relative activity per 3.5 x 105 cells; p = .005). Conclusions: Exposure of alveolar macrophages to perfluorooctylbromide in vitro decreases the responsiveness of macrophages to potent stimuli. This finding may partially explain the decrease in pulmonary inflammation seen in animals treated with partial liquid ventilation during experimentally induced lung injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1533-1539
Number of pages7
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Alveolar Macrophages
Reactive Oxygen Species
Macrophages
Luminescence
Hydrogen Peroxide
Liquid Ventilation
Chemical Stimulation
Oxygen
Control Groups
Health Facilities
Laboratory Animals
Lung Injury
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
In Vitro Techniques
Pneumonia
Rabbits
perflubron

Keywords

  • alveolar macrophage
  • chemiluminescence
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • inflammation
  • lung
  • perfluorocarbons
  • reactive oxygen species
  • superoxide anion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

A liquid perfluorochemical decreases the in vitro production of reactive oxygen species by alveolar macrophages. / Smith, T. M.; Steinhorn, D. M.; Thusu, K.; Fuhrman, B. P.; Dandona, P.

In: Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 23, No. 9, 1995, p. 1533-1539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, T. M. ; Steinhorn, D. M. ; Thusu, K. ; Fuhrman, B. P. ; Dandona, P. / A liquid perfluorochemical decreases the in vitro production of reactive oxygen species by alveolar macrophages. In: Critical Care Medicine. 1995 ; Vol. 23, No. 9. pp. 1533-1539.
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