Numerous studies have attested to the importance of the extreme C terminus of G protein α subunits in determining their selectivity of receptor recognition. We have previously reported that a highly conserved glycine residue within linker I is important for constraining the fidelity of receptor recognition by Gαq proteins. Herein, we explored whether both modules (linker I and extreme C terminus) interact cooperatively in switching G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-to-effector specificity and created as models mutant Gαq proteins in which glycine was replaced with various amino acids and the C-terminal five Gαq residues with the corresponding Gαi or Gαs sequence. Coupling properties of the mutated Gαq proteins were determined after coexpression with a panel of 13 Gi-and Gs-selective receptors and compared with those of Gα proteins modified in only one module. Gα proteins modified in both modules are significantly more efficacious in channeling non-Gq-selective receptors to G q-mediated signaling events compared with those containing each module alone. Additive effects of both modules were observed even if individual modules lacked an effect on GPCR-to-effector specificity. Dually modified Gα proteins were also superior in conferring high-affinity agonist sites onto a coexpressed GPCR in the absence, but not in the presence, of guanine nucleotides. Together, our data suggest that receptor-G protein coupling selectivity involves cooperative interactions between the extreme C terminus and linker I of Gα proteins and that distinct determinants of selectivity exist for individual receptors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine