A functional comparison of canine and murine bone marrow derived cultured mast cells

Tzu-Yin Lin, Cheryl A. London

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Disorders involving mast cells are extremely common in dogs, ranging from allergic diseases to neoplastic transformation resulting in malignant mast cell tumors. Relatively little is known regarding the basic biologic properties of normal canine mast cells, largely due to the difficulty in reliably purifying large numbers from canine skin. In vitro generated bone marrow derived cultured mast cells (BMCMCs) are routinely used in both human and murine studies as a ready source of material for in vitro and in vivo studies. We previously developed a technique to generate canine BMCMCs from bone marrow derived CD34+ cells and demonstrated that these cells exhibit the phenotypic properties characteristic of mast cells and release histamine in response to IgE cross-linking. The purpose of the following study was to characterize the functional properties of these canine BMCMCs and contrast these with the functional properties of murine BMCMCs. Our work demonstrates that both IL-4 and IL-10 promote canine BMCMC proliferation, possibly through upregulation of Kit expression, while TGFβ inhibits proliferation. The canine BMCMCs produce a variety of cytokines and chemokines in response to IgE cross-linking and chemical stimulation including IL-3, IL-4, IL-13, GM-CSF, RANTES, and MIP1α. Interestingly, the canine BMCMCs released significantly larger amounts of MCP-1 and tryptase and significantly smaller amounts of IL-6 following chemical stimulation and IgE cross-linking when compared to murine BMCMCs. Lastly, the canine BMCMCs produced larger amounts of active MMP9 than their murine counterparts. In summary, canine BMCMCs exhibit unique functional properties that distinguish them from murine BMCMCs and provide insight into the contribution of these cells to mast cell disorders in the dog.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-334
Number of pages15
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Dec 15 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemokine
  • Cytokine
  • Dog
  • Mast cell
  • Mouse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)


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