A fast ultrasound molecular imaging method and its 3D visualization in vivo

Xiaowen Hu, Lisa Mahakian, Charles Caskey, Julie Beegle, Dustin Kruse, Joshua Rychak, Patrick Sutcliffe, Katherine Ferrara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Using targeted microbubbles (MBs), ultrasound molecular imaging can be used to selectively and specifically visualize upregulated vascular receptors. In order to acquire bound MB echoes, a delay of ∼7-15 minutes is commonly required for the clearance of freely circulating MBs. Here, we test whether echoes from MBs can be distinguished from the surrounding tissue, based on the transmission of pulses at low (1.5 MHz) and reception at high (5.5 MHz) frequencies (TLRH), without the requirement for destructive pulses. Pulses with a peak negative pressure of 230 kPa were transmitted (10 fps) and a 7 th order IIR pulse-to-pulse filter was applied to the TLRH radiofrequency (RF) data to distinguish the signature of bound MBs from that of flowing MBs. 3D images of the accumulation of intravenously-administrated integrin-targeted MBs in a Met-1 mouse tumor model were acquired. An in vitro study demonstrated that the T2R15 contrast imaging technique has a ∼2-fold resolution improvement over 2MHz contrast pulse sequencing (CPS) imaging. By applying the 7 th order IIR filter to the TLRH RF data acquired at 2 minutes, echoes from flowing MBs in the surrounding tissue region were suppressed by 26±2 dB, while the signal intensity within the tumor was suppressed by 4±1 dB. The targeted images correctly represented the distribution of bound MBs. After the filter, the signal intensity resulting from cyclic RGD bearing MBs was 25±2 dB higher than that after the injection of non-targeted MBs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2011
Event2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2011 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Oct 18 2011Oct 21 2011


Other2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2011
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL


  • molecular imaging
  • slow time filter
  • targeted microbubble
  • TLRH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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