Cyclooxygenase (COX) and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors have therapeutic potential. The present study investigated efficacy of a novel dual acting COX-2/sEH inhibitor, PTUPB in type 2 diabetic Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats. Male ZDF rats were treated with vehicle or PTUPB (10mg/kg/d, i.p.) for 8 weeks. At the end of the 8-week experimental period, ZDF rats were diabetic (fasting blood glucose, 287±45mg/dL) compared to Zucker Diabetic Lean rats (ZDL, 99±6mg/dL), and PTUPB treatment improved glycemic status in ZDF rats (146±6mg/dL). Kidney injury was evident in ZDF compared to ZDL rats with elevated albuminurea (44±4 vs 4±2mg/d) and nephrinurea (496±127 vs 16±4μg/d). Marked renal fibrosis, tubular cast formation and glomerular injury were also present in ZDF compared to ZDL rats. In ZDF rats, PTUPB treatment reduced kidney injury parameters by 30-80% compared to vehicle. The ZDF rats also demonstrated increased inflammation and oxidative stress with elevated levels of urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 excretion (862±300 vs 319±75ng/d), renal macrophage infiltration (53±2 vs 37±4/mm2) and kidney malondialdehyde/protein ratio (10±1 vs 5±1μmol/mg). PTUPB treatment decreased these inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in the kidney of ZDF rats by 25-57%. These data demonstrate protective actions of a novel dual acting COX-2/sEH inhibitor on the metabolic abnormalities and kidney function in ZDF rat model of type 2 diabetes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators|
|State||Accepted/In press - Jan 27 2016|
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology