A distributed cortical network for auditory sensory memory in humans

Claude Alain, David L Woods, Robert T. Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

248 Scopus citations

Abstract

Auditory sensory memory is a critical first stage in auditory perception that permits listeners to integrate incoming acoustic information with stored representations of preceding auditory events. Here, we investigated the neural circuits of sensory memory using behavioral and electrophysiological measures of auditory processing in patients with unilateral brain damage to dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, posterior association cortex, or the hippocampus. We used a neurophysiological marker of an automatic component of sensory memory, the mismatch negativity (MMN), which can be recorded without overt attention. In comparison with control subjects, temporal-parietal patients had impaired auditory discrimination and reduced MMN amplitudes with both effects evident only following stimuli presented in the ear contralateral to the lesioned hemisphere. This suggests that auditory sensory memories are predominantly stored in auditory cortex contralateral to the ear of presentation. Dorsolateral prefrontal damage impaired performance and reduced MMNs elicited by deviant stimuli presented in either ear, implying that dorsolateral prefrontal cortices have a bilateral facilitatory effect on sensory memory storage. Hippocampal lesions did not affect either performance or electrophysiological measures. The results provide evidence of a temporal- prefrontal neocortical network critical for the transient storage of auditory stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-37
Number of pages15
JournalBrain Research
Volume812
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 1998

Keywords

  • Auditory
  • Cortex
  • Event-related potential
  • Frequency
  • Hemispace
  • Lesion
  • Mismatch negativity
  • Perception
  • Sensory memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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