A diagnostic and therapeutic approach to primary burning mouth syndrome

Siamak Moghadam-Kia, Nasim Fazel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Primary burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is an oral mucosal disorder that is characterized by a chronic and often debilitating intraoral burning sensation for which no localized or systemic cause can be found. BMS most commonly affects postmenopausal women. The pathophysiology of primary BMS is not well understood. Diagnosing BMS can prove to be challenging. BMS patients can also pose a therapeutic challenge to clinicians who are consulted to evaluate these patients. Most commonly used therapies include tricyclic antidepressants, α-lipoic acid, clonazepam, and cognitive-behavioral therapy. Clinical judgment, patient counseling, and monitoring of pain are important. Further research is required to assess the effectiveness of serotonin and newer serotonin-noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-460
Number of pages8
JournalClinics in Dermatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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