A descriptive study of trauma, alcohol, and alcoholism in young adults

Frederick P. Rivara, James G. Gurney, Richard K. Ries, Debra A. Seguin, Michael K. Copass, Gregory Jurkovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Young adults, 18-20 years of age, admitted to a trauma center via the emergency department, were studied to determine if they had been drinking prior to their injury event. The prevalence of self-reported chronic alcohol problems was examined using the short Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (SMAST). Of the 319 subjects, 131 (41%) tested positive for alcohol, including about onehalf of those with intentional injuries and 38% with unintentional injuries. Approximately 22% had blood alcohol concentrations of 100 mg/dL or more, indicating they were legally intoxicated at the time of their injury. Of study subjects who completed the SMAST, 49% attained scores suggesting potential or probable alcoholism, and 20% had already sought some type of treatment, despite their young age. Health-care practices and policies related to these findings include routine screening of trauma patients for alcohol abuse and integration of chemical dependency intervention services with trauma care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-667
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Alcoholism
Young Adult
Alcohols
Wounds and Injuries
Trauma Centers
Health Policy
Drinking
Hospital Emergency Service
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Adolescents Alcohol Alcoholism Epidemiology MAST Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

A descriptive study of trauma, alcohol, and alcoholism in young adults. / Rivara, Frederick P.; Gurney, James G.; Ries, Richard K.; Seguin, Debra A.; Copass, Michael K.; Jurkovich, Gregory.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 13, No. 8, 01.01.1992, p. 663-667.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rivara, Frederick P. ; Gurney, James G. ; Ries, Richard K. ; Seguin, Debra A. ; Copass, Michael K. ; Jurkovich, Gregory. / A descriptive study of trauma, alcohol, and alcoholism in young adults. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 1992 ; Vol. 13, No. 8. pp. 663-667.
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