A cross-sectional survey of respiratory and general health outcomes among semiconductor industry workers

Stephen A Mccurdy, D. Pocekay, S. K. Hammond, S. R. Woskie, S. J. Samuels, Marc B Schenker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

As part of the Semiconductor Health Study, we performed a cross-sectional survey to assess prevalence of specific nonreproductive health outcomes and their association with occupational exposures. A total of 3,175 persons from eight manufacturing sites across the U.S. completed a health and work questionnaire (78% participation rate). After adjusting for confounders, responses from fabrication room (fab) workers indicated a greater risk than those of nonfab workers for upper respiratory symptoms (relative risk [RR] = 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03-1.13); a dose-response effect with hours per day spent in fabs was observed. Fab workers also had greater prevalence for persistent wheezing (RR = 1.82; 95% CI = 1.15-2.87), dermatitis within the past year (RR = 1.19; 95% CI = 1.04-1.35), and alopecia (RR = 1.73; 95% CI = 1.16-2.54). Female sex, a somatization index score, and smoking were important nonoccupational covariates. Increased respiratory symptoms may result from occupational exposures in fabs; further research is needed to identify causal agents and develop prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)847-860
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume28
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • lower airway symptoms
  • occupational asthma
  • occupational health
  • questionnaire data
  • respiratory symptoms
  • semiconductor manufacturing
  • upper airway symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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