In a cross-sectional study to determine the possible relationship between a positive antibody test to bluetongue virus (BTV) or Mycoplasma bovis infections and reproductive performance of dairy cows, data were collected on 572 California dairy cows during December 1986 for analysis. Serum samples were tested using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Data on reproduction variables were extracted from the individual cow sheets of the California Dairy Herd Improvement Association records and interfaced with the serological results for analysis. Similar data analyses for both BTV and M. bovis were performed to identify and quantitatively assess the association of the reproduction variables and each agent. These associations were evaluated unconditionally using the x2 for categorical variables and Student's t-test for continuous variables. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine if reproduction variables with significant unconditional associations remained significant when adjusted for the effects of possible confounding factors. Both the BTV and M. bovis ELISA antibody titres indicated exposure to the agents. The results of the multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that cows seropositive for BTV were significantly older at first calving (p<0.03). For M. bovis, seropositive cows were more likely to have longer intervals from calving to last service and longer intervals from calving to pregnancy diagnosis than seronegative cows (p<0.05). The other reproduction variables examined were not significantly associated with ELISA seropositivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas