A Cone Beam CT-Based Study for Clinical Target Definition Using Pelvic Anatomy During Postprostatectomy Radiotherapy

Timothy N. Showalter, A. Omer Nawaz, Ying Xiao, James M. Galvin, Richard K Valicenti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Purpose: There are no accepted guidelines for target volume definition for online image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) after radical prostatectomy (RP). This study used cone beam CT (CBCT) imaging to generate information for use in post-RP IGRT. Methods and Materials: The pelvic anatomy of 10 prostate cancer patients undergoing post-RP radiation therapy (RT) to 68.4 Gy was studied using CBCT images obtained immediately before treatment. Contoured bladder and rectal volumes on CBCT images were compared with planning CT (CTref) volumes from seminal vesicle stump (SVS) to bladder-urethral junction. This region was chosen to approximate the prostatic fossa (PF) during a course of post-RP RT. Anterior and posterior planning target volume margins were calculated using ICRU report 71 guidelines, accounting for systematic and random error based on bladder and rectal motion, respectively. Results: A total of 176 CBCT study sets obtained 2 to 5 times weekly were analyzed. The rectal and bladder borders were reliably identified in 166 of 176 (94%) of CBCT images. Relative to CTref, mean posterior bladder wall position was anterior by 0.1 to 1.5 mm, and mean anterior rectum wall position was posterior by 1.6 to 2.7 mm. Calculated anterior margin as derived from bladder motion ranged from 5.9 to 7.1 mm. Calculated posterior margin as derived from rectal motion ranged from 8.6 to 10.2 mm. Conclusions: Normal tissue anatomy was definable by CBCT imaging throughout the course of post-RP RT, and the interfraction anteroposterior motion of the bladder and rectum was studied. This information should be considered in devising post-RP RT techniques using image guidance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-436
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Cone beam, Postprostatectomy, Prostate cancer, Radiation therapy
  • Image guidance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation


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