A Comparison of Healthcare Use and Costs for Workers with Psychiatric Disabilities Employed in Social Enterprises Versus Those Who Are Not Employed and Seeking Work

Carolyn S Dewa, Jeffrey S Hoch, Marc Corbière, Patrizia Villotti, Lucy Trojanowski, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Sara Zaniboni, Franco Fraccaroli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Because of work’s contribution to recovery, governments have moved to improve employment rates of people with severe mental disorders (SMDs). Social enterprises (SEs) have been identified as a means to achieve employment. In Ontario, Canada, the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) have provided SEs government subsidies. Public funding arrangements create a potential trade-off for governments that must decide how to distribute constrained budgets to meet a variety of public needs. In Ontario, the government is potentially faced with choosing between supporting employment versus healthcare services. This study addresses the question, are there significant differences in service use and costs from the MOHLTC’s perspective for people with SMDs working in SEs versus those who are not working and looking for work? Our results indicate there is a significant difference in healthcare use between the two groups suggesting there could be less healthcare use associated with SE employment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
StateAccepted/In press - May 8 2018



  • Employment
  • Healthcare costs
  • Severe mental illness
  • Social enterprises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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