A comparison of clearance and arteriovenous extraction techniques for measurements of renal hemodynamic functions

Richard W Katzberg, Rufino C. Pabico, Thomas W. Morris, Katsumi Hayakawa, Barbara A. McKenna, Janine A. Ventura, Harry W. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

No previous studies have directly compared timed urine collec-tions (UV/P) vs. arteriovenous (A-V) extraction methods for determination of renal function in whole kidney preparations. We examined different markers and techniques for assessing renal plasma flow (RPF), filtration fraction (FF), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in both steady-state and rapidly changing conditions following 2 ml/kg bolus intravenous injections of either Renografin® 76% (meglumine/sodium diatrizoate-76%) or hypertonic mannitol 25%. During steady-state conditions, excellent correlations were obtained when comparing markers and techniques. Thus, timed urinary clearances of inulin vs. 99m- technetium DTP A (Tc) had a correlation coefficient (R) of.96 (P <.01; n = 16), and the A-V extraction technique of inulin vs. Tc as determinants of GFR showed a correlation of R =.98(P<.01; n = 15). The timed urinary clearance of inulin vs. the A-V extraction of inulin for glomerular filtration gave a correlation of R =.93 (P<.01; n = 15). The clearance of para-aminohippurate (PAH) divided by the extraction of PAH vs. flow determinations using the electromagnetic flowmeter gave a correlation of R =.92 (P <.01; n = 16). The anticipated decrease in GFR following contrast medium and hypertonic mannitol was observed using the A-V extraction technique, whereas an artifactual, exaggerated increase in GFR was observed using the timed urine collection technique. Similarly, we noted an exaggerated increase in RPF using CPAH/EPAH as the methodology. We conclude that rapid changes in renal hemodynamics may be measured accurately using the A-V extraction technique but not with clearance techniques requiring timed urine collections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)910-916
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Volume21
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Inulin
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Hemodynamics
Renal Plasma Flow
Kidney
Urine Specimen Collection
Mannitol
Diatrizoate Meglumine
Diatrizoate
Flowmeters
Electromagnetic Phenomena
Technetium
Intravenous Injections
Contrast Media
Urine

Keywords

  • Contrast medium
  • Renal function
  • Renal hemodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Katzberg, R. W., Pabico, R. C., Morris, T. W., Hayakawa, K., McKenna, B. A., Ventura, J. A., & Fischer, H. W. (1986). A comparison of clearance and arteriovenous extraction techniques for measurements of renal hemodynamic functions. Investigative Radiology, 21(12), 910-916.

A comparison of clearance and arteriovenous extraction techniques for measurements of renal hemodynamic functions. / Katzberg, Richard W; Pabico, Rufino C.; Morris, Thomas W.; Hayakawa, Katsumi; McKenna, Barbara A.; Ventura, Janine A.; Fischer, Harry W.

In: Investigative Radiology, Vol. 21, No. 12, 1986, p. 910-916.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Katzberg, RW, Pabico, RC, Morris, TW, Hayakawa, K, McKenna, BA, Ventura, JA & Fischer, HW 1986, 'A comparison of clearance and arteriovenous extraction techniques for measurements of renal hemodynamic functions', Investigative Radiology, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 910-916.
Katzberg RW, Pabico RC, Morris TW, Hayakawa K, McKenna BA, Ventura JA et al. A comparison of clearance and arteriovenous extraction techniques for measurements of renal hemodynamic functions. Investigative Radiology. 1986;21(12):910-916.
Katzberg, Richard W ; Pabico, Rufino C. ; Morris, Thomas W. ; Hayakawa, Katsumi ; McKenna, Barbara A. ; Ventura, Janine A. ; Fischer, Harry W. / A comparison of clearance and arteriovenous extraction techniques for measurements of renal hemodynamic functions. In: Investigative Radiology. 1986 ; Vol. 21, No. 12. pp. 910-916.
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AB - No previous studies have directly compared timed urine collec-tions (UV/P) vs. arteriovenous (A-V) extraction methods for determination of renal function in whole kidney preparations. We examined different markers and techniques for assessing renal plasma flow (RPF), filtration fraction (FF), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in both steady-state and rapidly changing conditions following 2 ml/kg bolus intravenous injections of either Renografin® 76% (meglumine/sodium diatrizoate-76%) or hypertonic mannitol 25%. During steady-state conditions, excellent correlations were obtained when comparing markers and techniques. Thus, timed urinary clearances of inulin vs. 99m- technetium DTP A (Tc) had a correlation coefficient (R) of.96 (P <.01; n = 16), and the A-V extraction technique of inulin vs. Tc as determinants of GFR showed a correlation of R =.98(P<.01; n = 15). The timed urinary clearance of inulin vs. the A-V extraction of inulin for glomerular filtration gave a correlation of R =.93 (P<.01; n = 15). The clearance of para-aminohippurate (PAH) divided by the extraction of PAH vs. flow determinations using the electromagnetic flowmeter gave a correlation of R =.92 (P <.01; n = 16). The anticipated decrease in GFR following contrast medium and hypertonic mannitol was observed using the A-V extraction technique, whereas an artifactual, exaggerated increase in GFR was observed using the timed urine collection technique. Similarly, we noted an exaggerated increase in RPF using CPAH/EPAH as the methodology. We conclude that rapid changes in renal hemodynamics may be measured accurately using the A-V extraction technique but not with clearance techniques requiring timed urine collections.

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