A comparison of classification methods for differentiating fronto-temporal dementia from Alzheimer's disease using FDG-PET imaging

Roger Higdon, Norman L. Foster, Robert A. Koeppe, Charles DeCarli, William J. Jagust, Christopher M. Clark, Nancy R. Barbas, Steven E. Arnold, R. Scott Turner, Judith L. Heidebrink, Satoshi Minoshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is being explored to determine its ability to differentiate between a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and fronto-temporal dementia (FTD). We have examined statistical discrimination procedures to help achieve this purpose and compared the results to visual ratings of FDG-PET images. The methods are applied to a data set of 48 subjects with autopsy confirmed diagnoses of AD or FTD (these subjects come from a multi-centre collaborative study funded by the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center). FDG-PET images are composed of thousands of voxels (volume elements) so one is left with a situation where there are vastly more variables than subjects. Therefore, it is necessary to perform a data reduction before a statistical procedure can be applied. Approaches using both the entire image and summary statistics calculated on a number of volumes of interest (VOI) are examined. We performed the data reduction techniques of principal components analysis (PCA) and partial least-squares (PLS) on the entire image and then used linear discriminant analysis (LDA), quadratic (QDA) or logistic regression (LR) to classify subjects as having AD or FTD. Some of these methods achieve diagnostic accuracy (as assessed by leave-one-out cross-validation) that is similar to visual ratings by expert raters. Methods using PLS appear to be more successful. Averaging or using VOI data may also be helpful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-326
Number of pages12
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2004

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Discrimination analysis
  • FDG-PET imaging
  • PCS
  • PLS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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    Higdon, R., Foster, N. L., Koeppe, R. A., DeCarli, C., Jagust, W. J., Clark, C. M., Barbas, N. R., Arnold, S. E., Turner, R. S., Heidebrink, J. L., & Minoshima, S. (2004). A comparison of classification methods for differentiating fronto-temporal dementia from Alzheimer's disease using FDG-PET imaging. Statistics in Medicine, 23(2), 315-326. https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.1719