A controlled community-oriented primary care (COPC) program designed to reduce cardiovascular risk was conducted in two towns in a poor, rural area of New York State that have populations with high levels of cardiovascular mortality. In both towns, house-to-house visits were used to screen for blood pressure, gather information about cardiovascular risk knowledge and behavior, and provide a cardiovascular educational program. Persons with elevated blood pressure were advised to seek follow-up. Additional interventions, carried out in the study town only, included ongoing follow-up for those with elevated blood pressure and their providers, and sliding-fee medical services for those with financial barriers to care. At rescreening 2 years later, residents of the study population had an adjusted systolic blood pressure 3.1 mm Hg lower than those in the control population (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.9, 5.3). Furthermore, those who were screened at both rounds had an adjusted systolic blood pressure 2.7 mm Hg lower than those who had not previously been screened (95% CI = 0.6, 4.8). Although knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors increased among those who were surveyed in both rounds, there was little demonstrable effect on cardiovascular risk behaviors. Difficulties were encountered in engaging the participation of all medical providers, and less use was made of the sliding-scale program than expected. While it appears feasible to implement the technical methodology of a COPC model in a rural setting, it is crucial to engage the support of the local and medical community.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Family Practice|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health