A Combined Treatment Approach to Support Everyday Function and Promote Brain Health in Older Adults

A Pilot Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Subtle changes in functional abilities are an early indicator of cognitive impairment. Early intervention may be key to prolonging independence. This study describes the development and program evaluation of an intervention designed to (1) bolster the use of compensation strategies that support everyday executive and memory functioning and (2) utilize these strategies to promote engagement in brain health activities. Method: Older adults (n = 35) with subjective cognitive complaints completed an eight-week group program targeting compensation strategies (e.g., calendars) and brain health activities (e.g., physical exercise). Participants completed outcome measures at first, last, and 3 month follow-up sessions. Results: Compensation strategy use can be successfully taught to and implemented by older adults, and increasing engagement in brain health behaviors is possible, although particular lifestyle changes are challenging to implement. Conclusion: Findings support the use of interventions aimed at increased engagement in compensation strategies to aid everyday memory and executive functioning. Clinical Implications: Early intervention may help to promote prolonged functional independence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Gerontologist
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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brain
Health
Brain
health
Aptitude
Health Behavior
Program Evaluation
Life Style
physical exercise
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Exercise
health behavior
complaint
ability
evaluation
Group
Calendars
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • Aging
  • behavioral intervention
  • cognitive complaints
  • older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

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title = "A Combined Treatment Approach to Support Everyday Function and Promote Brain Health in Older Adults: A Pilot Study",
abstract = "Objective: Subtle changes in functional abilities are an early indicator of cognitive impairment. Early intervention may be key to prolonging independence. This study describes the development and program evaluation of an intervention designed to (1) bolster the use of compensation strategies that support everyday executive and memory functioning and (2) utilize these strategies to promote engagement in brain health activities. Method: Older adults (n = 35) with subjective cognitive complaints completed an eight-week group program targeting compensation strategies (e.g., calendars) and brain health activities (e.g., physical exercise). Participants completed outcome measures at first, last, and 3 month follow-up sessions. Results: Compensation strategy use can be successfully taught to and implemented by older adults, and increasing engagement in brain health behaviors is possible, although particular lifestyle changes are challenging to implement. Conclusion: Findings support the use of interventions aimed at increased engagement in compensation strategies to aid everyday memory and executive functioning. Clinical Implications: Early intervention may help to promote prolonged functional independence.",
keywords = "Aging, behavioral intervention, cognitive complaints, older adults",
author = "Katherine Denny and Harvey, {Danielle J} and Oanh Meyer and Chan, {Michelle L.} and Cheyanne Barba and {Tomaszewski Farias}, {Sarah E}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.1080/07317115.2019.1633574",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Clinical Gerontologist",
issn = "0731-7115",
publisher = "Routledge",

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T2 - A Pilot Study

AU - Denny, Katherine

AU - Harvey, Danielle J

AU - Meyer, Oanh

AU - Chan, Michelle L.

AU - Barba, Cheyanne

AU - Tomaszewski Farias, Sarah E

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: Subtle changes in functional abilities are an early indicator of cognitive impairment. Early intervention may be key to prolonging independence. This study describes the development and program evaluation of an intervention designed to (1) bolster the use of compensation strategies that support everyday executive and memory functioning and (2) utilize these strategies to promote engagement in brain health activities. Method: Older adults (n = 35) with subjective cognitive complaints completed an eight-week group program targeting compensation strategies (e.g., calendars) and brain health activities (e.g., physical exercise). Participants completed outcome measures at first, last, and 3 month follow-up sessions. Results: Compensation strategy use can be successfully taught to and implemented by older adults, and increasing engagement in brain health behaviors is possible, although particular lifestyle changes are challenging to implement. Conclusion: Findings support the use of interventions aimed at increased engagement in compensation strategies to aid everyday memory and executive functioning. Clinical Implications: Early intervention may help to promote prolonged functional independence.

AB - Objective: Subtle changes in functional abilities are an early indicator of cognitive impairment. Early intervention may be key to prolonging independence. This study describes the development and program evaluation of an intervention designed to (1) bolster the use of compensation strategies that support everyday executive and memory functioning and (2) utilize these strategies to promote engagement in brain health activities. Method: Older adults (n = 35) with subjective cognitive complaints completed an eight-week group program targeting compensation strategies (e.g., calendars) and brain health activities (e.g., physical exercise). Participants completed outcome measures at first, last, and 3 month follow-up sessions. Results: Compensation strategy use can be successfully taught to and implemented by older adults, and increasing engagement in brain health behaviors is possible, although particular lifestyle changes are challenging to implement. Conclusion: Findings support the use of interventions aimed at increased engagement in compensation strategies to aid everyday memory and executive functioning. Clinical Implications: Early intervention may help to promote prolonged functional independence.

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