A Clinical Comparison of Anterior Cervical Plates Versus Stand-Alone Intervertebral Fusion Devices for Single-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Procedures

Ripul R. Panchal, Kee D Kim, Robert Eastlack, John Lopez, Andrew Clavenna, Daina M. Brooks, Gita Joshua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To compare radiologic and clinical outcomes, including rates of dysphagia and dysphonia, using a no-profile stand-alone intervertebral spacer with integrated screw fixation versus an anterior cervical plate and spacer construct for single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures. Methods This multicenter, randomized, prospective study included 54 patients with degenerative disc disease requiring ACDF at a single level at C3–C7. Twenty-six patients underwent single-level ACDF with stand-alone spacers, and 28 with plate fixation and spacers. Analyses were based on comparison of perioperative outcomes, radiologic and clinical metrics, and incidence of dysphagia and/or dysphonia. Results Mean patient age was 48.8 ± 10.1years (53.7% female). No significant differences were observed between groups in operative time (101.8 ± 34.4 minutes, 114.4 ± 31.5 minutes), estimated blood loss (44.8 ± 76.5 mL, 82.5 ± 195.1 mL), or length of hospital stay (1.2 ± 0.6 days, 1.3 ± 0.6 days). Mean visual analog scale pain scores and Neck Disability Index scores improved significantly from preoperative to last follow-up (10.8 ± 2.6 months) in both groups (P < 0.05). Mean Voice Handicap Index and Eating Assessment Tool scores improved significantly from discharge to last follow-up in both groups (P < 0.05). From discharge to 6 months, the stand-alone spacers group consistently demonstrated greater improvement in Voice Handicap Index. Preoperative intervertebral disc and neuroforaminal heights increased significantly across treatment groups (P < 0.01), and no cases required surgical revision at index or adjacent levels. Conclusions Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with stand-alone spacers resulted in similar clinical and radiologic outcomes as compared with plate and spacers and may help minimize postoperative dysphonia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)630-637
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume99
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion
  • Dysphagia
  • Dysphonia
  • Stand-alone intervertebral spacer with integrated screw fixation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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