A chiroselective peptide replicator

A. Saghatellan, Y. Yokobayashi, K. Soltani, M. R. Ghadiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

207 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The origin of homochirality in living systems is often attributed to the generation of enantiomeric differences in a pool of chiral prebiotic molecules1,2, but none of the possible physiochemical processes considered1-7 can produce the significant imbalance required if homochiral biopolymers are to result from simple coupling of suitable precursor molecules. This implies a central role either for additional processes that can selectively amplify an initially minute enantiomeric difference in the starting material1,8-12, or for a nonenzymatic process by which biopolymers undergo chiroselective molecular replication13-16. Given that molecular self-replication and the capacity for selection are necessary conditions for the emergence of life, chiroselective replication of biopolymers seems a particularly attractive process for explaining homochirality in nature13-16. Here we report that a 32-residue peptide replicator, designed according to our earlier principles17-20, is capable of efficiently amplifying homochiral products from a racemic mixture of peptide fragments through a chiroselective autocatalytic cycle. The chiroselective amplification process discriminates between structures possessing even single stereochemical mutations within otherwise homochiral sequences. Moreover, the system exhibits a dynamic stereochemical 'editing' function; in contrast to the previously observed error correction20, it makes use of heterochiral sequences that arise through uncatalysed background reactions to catalyse the production of the homochiral product. These results support the idea that self-replicating polypeptides could have played a key role in the origin of homochirality on Earth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-801
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume409
Issue number6822
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Biopolymers
Peptides
Prebiotics
Peptide Fragments
Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Saghatellan, A., Yokobayashi, Y., Soltani, K., & Ghadiri, M. R. (2001). A chiroselective peptide replicator. Nature, 409(6822), 797-801. https://doi.org/10.1038/35057238

A chiroselective peptide replicator. / Saghatellan, A.; Yokobayashi, Y.; Soltani, K.; Ghadiri, M. R.

In: Nature, Vol. 409, No. 6822, 15.02.2001, p. 797-801.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saghatellan, A, Yokobayashi, Y, Soltani, K & Ghadiri, MR 2001, 'A chiroselective peptide replicator', Nature, vol. 409, no. 6822, pp. 797-801. https://doi.org/10.1038/35057238
Saghatellan A, Yokobayashi Y, Soltani K, Ghadiri MR. A chiroselective peptide replicator. Nature. 2001 Feb 15;409(6822):797-801. https://doi.org/10.1038/35057238
Saghatellan, A. ; Yokobayashi, Y. ; Soltani, K. ; Ghadiri, M. R. / A chiroselective peptide replicator. In: Nature. 2001 ; Vol. 409, No. 6822. pp. 797-801.
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