We have isolated a Chinese hamster ovary cell mutant hypersensitive to monofunctional alkylating agents. The mutant, designed as EM-C11, showed hypersensitivity to ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS), methyl methanesulfonate and ethylnitrosourea (8-, 7- and 2-fold, respectively, based on D10 values). About 2-fold increased sensitivity towards 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide and only slightly increased sensitivity to X-rays (1.4-fold) and mitomycin C treatment (1.6-fold) were found in this mutant. EM-C11 was not hypersensitive to UV irradiation nor to adriamycin. The EM-C11 cells showed ∼10-fold higher level of spontaneous sister chromatid exchange. The level of spontaneous chromosomal aberrations was 2- to 3-fold higher, but the frequency of EMS-induced chromosomal aberrations was ∼10-fold higher in the mutant cells, in agreement with the increased sensitivity to killing. As measured by alkaline elution, EM-C11 cells showed a defect in the rejoining of single-strand DNA breaks after exposure to X-rays and even more so after the EMS treatment. Genetic analysis revealed that the EM-C11 mutant belongs to the same complementation group as the EM9 mutant described earlier. The XRCC1 gene which complements the defect in EM9 also complements the defect in EM-C11, confirming that these two independently isolated mutants are defective in the same gene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Applied Mathematics
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis