2009 update on phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor therapy part 2: Updates on optimal utilization for sexual concerns and rare toxicities in this class (CME)

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Abstract

Introduction. Highly selective inhibitors of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5I) have been commercially available for over a decade. Our knowledge of these drugs continues to expand. Aims. To review recent (since 2007) developments on the utilization of PDE5I in clinical practice. The focus of this manuscript is on the use of PDE5I for sexual concerns. Also reviewed are recent reports of rare but potentially serious toxicity. Methods. Pubmed search utilizing the search terms "phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor," " PDE5 inhibitor," "sildenafil," "vardenafil," and "tadalafil." Articles were screened for their relevance to the clinical practice of sexual medicine and/or PDE5I toxicity. Publications on routine dose PDE5I for penile rehabilitation, lower urinary tract symptoms, and stuttering priapism are summarized in a separate manuscript in this series. Main Outcome Measures. Peer-reviewed publications since the last major update on PDE5I published in the medical literature. Results. Recent investigations have suggested a number of interventions to potentially improve patient compliance with PDE5I therapy. Additionally, the approval in the past year of tadalafil as a daily medication signifies a potential paradigm shift in our concept of this disorder. Daily dosing may be useful in some men; however, the other available PDE5I continue to show excellent efficacy in the management of erectile dysfunction (ED). In addition to direct effects on ED, several recent reports highlight the use of PDE5I for improvement of premature ejaculation, sexual relationship status, and sexual function in women. There have also been several recent reports of rare but serious toxicity, particularly ototoxicity, associated with PDE5I use. Conclusions. Recent studies have suggested new ways to optimize utilization of PDE5I not only for the management of ED but also for other sexual concerns in both men and women. Rare but serious toxicities have been reported with PDE5I and, therefore, judicious counseling is indicated before prescribing these medications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2352-2364
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Sexual Medicine
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors
Erectile Dysfunction
Publications
Premature Ejaculation
Priapism
Stuttering
Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Manuscripts
Patient Compliance
PubMed
Counseling
Therapeutics
Rehabilitation
Medicine
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Tadalafil

Keywords

  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Impotence
  • PDE5 Inhibitor
  • Premature Ejaculation
  • Sexual Dysfunction
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Urology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "2009 update on phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor therapy part 2: Updates on optimal utilization for sexual concerns and rare toxicities in this class (CME)",
abstract = "Introduction. Highly selective inhibitors of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5I) have been commercially available for over a decade. Our knowledge of these drugs continues to expand. Aims. To review recent (since 2007) developments on the utilization of PDE5I in clinical practice. The focus of this manuscript is on the use of PDE5I for sexual concerns. Also reviewed are recent reports of rare but potentially serious toxicity. Methods. Pubmed search utilizing the search terms {"}phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor,{"} {"} PDE5 inhibitor,{"} {"}sildenafil,{"} {"}vardenafil,{"} and {"}tadalafil.{"} Articles were screened for their relevance to the clinical practice of sexual medicine and/or PDE5I toxicity. Publications on routine dose PDE5I for penile rehabilitation, lower urinary tract symptoms, and stuttering priapism are summarized in a separate manuscript in this series. Main Outcome Measures. Peer-reviewed publications since the last major update on PDE5I published in the medical literature. Results. Recent investigations have suggested a number of interventions to potentially improve patient compliance with PDE5I therapy. Additionally, the approval in the past year of tadalafil as a daily medication signifies a potential paradigm shift in our concept of this disorder. Daily dosing may be useful in some men; however, the other available PDE5I continue to show excellent efficacy in the management of erectile dysfunction (ED). In addition to direct effects on ED, several recent reports highlight the use of PDE5I for improvement of premature ejaculation, sexual relationship status, and sexual function in women. There have also been several recent reports of rare but serious toxicity, particularly ototoxicity, associated with PDE5I use. Conclusions. Recent studies have suggested new ways to optimize utilization of PDE5I not only for the management of ED but also for other sexual concerns in both men and women. Rare but serious toxicities have been reported with PDE5I and, therefore, judicious counseling is indicated before prescribing these medications.",
keywords = "Erectile Dysfunction, Impotence, PDE5 Inhibitor, Premature Ejaculation, Sexual Dysfunction, Toxicity",
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year = "2009",
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language = "English (US)",
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T2 - Updates on optimal utilization for sexual concerns and rare toxicities in this class (CME)

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N2 - Introduction. Highly selective inhibitors of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5I) have been commercially available for over a decade. Our knowledge of these drugs continues to expand. Aims. To review recent (since 2007) developments on the utilization of PDE5I in clinical practice. The focus of this manuscript is on the use of PDE5I for sexual concerns. Also reviewed are recent reports of rare but potentially serious toxicity. Methods. Pubmed search utilizing the search terms "phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor," " PDE5 inhibitor," "sildenafil," "vardenafil," and "tadalafil." Articles were screened for their relevance to the clinical practice of sexual medicine and/or PDE5I toxicity. Publications on routine dose PDE5I for penile rehabilitation, lower urinary tract symptoms, and stuttering priapism are summarized in a separate manuscript in this series. Main Outcome Measures. Peer-reviewed publications since the last major update on PDE5I published in the medical literature. Results. Recent investigations have suggested a number of interventions to potentially improve patient compliance with PDE5I therapy. Additionally, the approval in the past year of tadalafil as a daily medication signifies a potential paradigm shift in our concept of this disorder. Daily dosing may be useful in some men; however, the other available PDE5I continue to show excellent efficacy in the management of erectile dysfunction (ED). In addition to direct effects on ED, several recent reports highlight the use of PDE5I for improvement of premature ejaculation, sexual relationship status, and sexual function in women. There have also been several recent reports of rare but serious toxicity, particularly ototoxicity, associated with PDE5I use. Conclusions. Recent studies have suggested new ways to optimize utilization of PDE5I not only for the management of ED but also for other sexual concerns in both men and women. Rare but serious toxicities have been reported with PDE5I and, therefore, judicious counseling is indicated before prescribing these medications.

AB - Introduction. Highly selective inhibitors of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5I) have been commercially available for over a decade. Our knowledge of these drugs continues to expand. Aims. To review recent (since 2007) developments on the utilization of PDE5I in clinical practice. The focus of this manuscript is on the use of PDE5I for sexual concerns. Also reviewed are recent reports of rare but potentially serious toxicity. Methods. Pubmed search utilizing the search terms "phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor," " PDE5 inhibitor," "sildenafil," "vardenafil," and "tadalafil." Articles were screened for their relevance to the clinical practice of sexual medicine and/or PDE5I toxicity. Publications on routine dose PDE5I for penile rehabilitation, lower urinary tract symptoms, and stuttering priapism are summarized in a separate manuscript in this series. Main Outcome Measures. Peer-reviewed publications since the last major update on PDE5I published in the medical literature. Results. Recent investigations have suggested a number of interventions to potentially improve patient compliance with PDE5I therapy. Additionally, the approval in the past year of tadalafil as a daily medication signifies a potential paradigm shift in our concept of this disorder. Daily dosing may be useful in some men; however, the other available PDE5I continue to show excellent efficacy in the management of erectile dysfunction (ED). In addition to direct effects on ED, several recent reports highlight the use of PDE5I for improvement of premature ejaculation, sexual relationship status, and sexual function in women. There have also been several recent reports of rare but serious toxicity, particularly ototoxicity, associated with PDE5I use. Conclusions. Recent studies have suggested new ways to optimize utilization of PDE5I not only for the management of ED but also for other sexual concerns in both men and women. Rare but serious toxicities have been reported with PDE5I and, therefore, judicious counseling is indicated before prescribing these medications.

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