131I-Lym-1 in mice implanted with human Burkitt's lymphoma (Raji) tumors: Loss of tumor specificity due to radiolysis

Gerald L Denardo, S. J. DeNardo, B. W. Wessels, D. L. Kukis, N. Miyao, A. Yuan

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13 Scopus citations


Preliminary evaluations of 125I-labeled Lym-1, an anti-lymphoma mouse IgG2a monoclonal antibody, demonstrated favorable tumor uptake in mice bearing human Burkitt's lymphoma (Raji) tumors. In this study, the pharmacokinetics of 125I- and 131I-Lym-1, and the dosimetry, efficacy, and toxicity of 131I-Lym-1 in Rajitumored mice were evaluated. Methods. Lym-1 was radioiodinated by the chloramine-T method and analyzed for monomeric fraction and immunoreactivity (antigen cell binding, relative to unmodified Lym-1). Nude mice bearing Raji tumors (20-500 mm3 received 1.5 MBq (40 μCi) 125I-Lym-1, or 1.5, 7.4, 14.8, or 18. 5 MBq (40, 200, 400, or 500 μCi) 131I-Lym-1. Pharmacokinetic data (total body and blood clearance and biodistribution) were used to estimate radiation dosimetry. Mini-thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) was also used to measure radiation dosimetry directly for 7 days after injection of 131I-Lym-1. Tumor size, survival, body weight, and blood counts were monitored for 60 days to evaluate therapeutic efficacy and toxicity of 131I-Lym-1. Results. At the time of injection, the mean quality assurance (QA) values for 125I-Lym-1 were 100% monomer and 100% relative immunoreactivity; the corresponding values for 131I-Lym-1 were 73% and 66%, indicating that radiolysis had occurred during the interval between radiolabeling and injection. 125I-Lym-1 exhibited high and sustained concentration in tumors relative to normal organs, whereas 131I-Lym-1 did not. Assuming identical pharmacokinetic behavior to 125I-Lym-1, 131I-Lym-1 would deliver radiation doses of 3.45, 0.83, 1.03, 0.34, and 0.56 Gy per MBq injected (12.8, 3.1, 3.8, 1.3, and 2.1 rad/μCi), to tumor, liver, lungs, total body, and marrow, respectively. When the actual pharmacokinetic data for 131I-Lym-1 (1.5 MBq) were used to estimate dosimetry, corresponding values of 0.51, 0.72, 0.49, 0.31, and 0.41 Gy/MBq (1.9, 2.7, 1.8, 1.1, and 1.5 rad/μCi) were obtained. Similar values were obtained for mice receiving 7.4 or 14.8 MBq of 131I-Lym-1. Similarly, TLD data indicated little preferential radiation dosimetry to tumor. Response rates (cure + CR + PR) for mice receiving 0, 7.4, 14.8, and 18.5 MBq of 131I-Lym-1 were 8%, 7%, 21%, and 45%, respectively. The LD50/30 dose of 131I-Lym-1 was 12.7 MBq (343 μCi). Conclusions. 125I-Lym-1 exhibited high and sustained concentration in Raji tumors in mice, indicating excellent therapeutic potential for 131I-Lym-1. However, in vitro QA results for 131I-Lym-1 indicated that radiolysis had occurred, and 131I-Lym-1 demonstrated little accumulation in tumor, or preferential radiation dosimetry to tumor in the same model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-560
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000


  • Antibody
  • Iodine-131
  • Lym-1
  • Lymphoma
  • Radioimmunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology
  • Oncology


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