β Chemokines costimulate lymphocyte cytolysis, proliferation, and lymphokine production

Dennis D. Taub, John R. Ortaldo, Susan M. Turcovski-Corrales, Michael L. Key, Dan L. Longo, William J Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

197 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report here the ability of the β chemokines MIP-1α, MIP-1β, RANTES, and MCP-1 to enhance some lymphocyte effector functions. Initial studies focused on the effects of chemokines on human and mouse cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)- and natural killer (NK) cell-specific cytolytic responses. The results demonstrate that β chemokines are capable of augmenting mouse and human CTL and human NK- but not lymphokine-activated killer cell- or antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity-specific cytolytic responses. Neutralization analysis utilizing integrin-specific antibodies revealed that CTL/NK-tumor cell conjugate formation is required for chemokine-induced killing. In addition, both CTLs and NK cells incubated with various β chemokines were induced to degranulate and release granule-derived serine esterases, suggesting that chemokines may be important costimulators of CTL and NK cell degranulation and may thus augment local target cell destruction. Chemokines also modulate antigen-driven T cell proliferative responses as well as effects on lymphokine production. Many of the β chemokines were found to potentiate human and mouse antigen-specific Th1 and Th2 clone activation promoting cellular proliferation and the release of various lymphokines. This chemokine-mediated T cell proliferation was chemokine and antigen dose dependent as well as clone dependent. Chemokine pretreatment analyses with T cells and antigen-presenting cells (APCs) revealed that chemokines up-regulate both T cell and APC functions. Costimulation assays using immobilized anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody-coated plates and purified human and mouse T cells and T cell clones in the presence of various chemokines also exhibited enhanced proliferation and lymphokine secretion. This costimulation was interleukin-2 dependent and required the presence of free extracellular calcium. Examination of chemokine-treated APCs revealed that the T cell costimulatory molecule B7-1 was induced by various β chemokines. Neutralization of endogenously produced chemokines with specific antibodies during an antigen-specific T cell response blocked cellular proliferation, suggesting that the chemokines have an autocrine and/or paracrine role in antigen-induced T cell proliferative responses. Together, these results suggest that chemokines play a significant role in the activation of polyclonal as well as antigen-specific helper and cytotoxic T cells during the genesis of an immune response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume59
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytotoxic T lymphocytes
  • MCP-1
  • MIP-1α
  • MIP-1β
  • Natural killer cells
  • RANTES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'β Chemokines costimulate lymphocyte cytolysis, proliferation, and lymphokine production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Taub, D. D., Ortaldo, J. R., Turcovski-Corrales, S. M., Key, M. L., Longo, D. L., & Murphy, W. J. (1996). β Chemokines costimulate lymphocyte cytolysis, proliferation, and lymphokine production. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 59(1), 81-89.