β-adrenergic regulation of late Na+ current during cardiac action potential is mediated by both PKA and CaMKII

Bence Hegyi, Tamás Bányász, Leighton T Izu, Luiz Belardinelli, Donald M Bers, Ye Chen-Izu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Late Na+ current (INaL) significantly contributes to shaping cardiac action potentials (APs) and increased INaL is associated with cardiac arrhythmias. β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) stimulation and its downstream signaling via protein kinase A (PKA) and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) pathways are known to regulate INaL. However, it remains unclear how each of these pathways regulates INaL during the AP under physiological conditions. Here we performed AP-clamp experiments in rabbit ventricular myocytes to delineate the impact of each signaling pathway on INaL at different AP phases to understand the arrhythmogenic potential. During the physiological AP (2 Hz, 37 °C) we found that INaL had a basal level current independent of PKA, but partially dependent on CaMKII. βAR activation (10 nM isoproterenol, ISO) further enhanced INaL via both PKA and CaMKII pathways. However, PKA predominantly increased INaL early during the AP plateau, whereas CaMKII mainly increased INaL later in the plateau and during rapid repolarization. We also tested the role of key signaling pathways through exchange protein activated by cAMP (Epac), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Direct Epac stimulation enhanced INaL similar to the βAR-induced CaMKII effect, while NOS inhibition prevented the βAR-induced CaMKII-dependent INaL enhancement. ROS generated by NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) also contributed to the ISO-induced INaL activation early in the AP. Taken together, our data reveal differential modulations of INaL by PKA and CaMKII signaling pathways at different AP phases. This nuanced and comprehensive view on the changes in INaL during AP deepens our understanding of the important role of INaL in reshaping the cardiac AP and arrhythmogenic potential under elevated sympathetic stimulation, which is relevant for designing therapeutic treatment of arrhythmias under pathological conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-179
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume123
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Action potential
  • Beta-adrenergic stimulation
  • Ca/calmodulin-dependent kinase II
  • Late sodium current
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Protein kinase A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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