β-adrenergic receptor activation inhibits keratinocytemigration via a cyclic adenosine monophosphate-independentmechanism

Jin Chen, Brian B. Hoffman, Roslyn Rivkah Isseroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that G-protein-coupled receptors cross-talk with growth factor receptor-mediated signal transduction in a variety of cell types. We have investigated mechanisms by which the activation of β-adrenergic receptors, classically GTP-binding proteins coupled receptors, influence the migration of cultured human keratinocytes. We found that isoproterenol, a β-adrenergic receptor-selective agonist, inhibited cell migration stimulated by either epidermal growth factor, or extracellular Ca2+ in a concentration-dependent manner. This was prevented by pretreatment of the cells with the β-adrenergic receptor-selective antagonist timolol. Interestingly, isoproterenol, at a concentration of 1 nM, did not measurably increase intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate concentrations yet inhibited cell migration by 50%. To test further if isoproterenol's actions were mediated via activation of adenylyl cyclase, two inhibitors of its activity, 2′5′-dideoxyadenosine and SQ22536, were used. Both compounds significantly diminished isoproterenol-induced increases in intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate concentrations but did not attenuate isoproterenol-induced inhibition of cell migration. Also, forskolin (1 μM) markedly increased intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate concentrations but did not significantly inhibit cell migration. As mitogen-activated protein kinases are known to signal growth factor-stimulated cell migration, we examined whether β-adrenergic receptor-mediated inhibition of keratinocyte migration might occur via inactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinases. We found that isoproterenol inhibited phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase in a concentration-dependent manner but had no effect on the phosphorylation of the stress mitogen-activated protein kinases c-jun N-terminal kinase and stress-activated protein kinase-2. Neither forskolin nor a membrane permeable cyclic adenosine monophosphate analog inhibited phosphorylation of any of these mitogen-activated protein kinases. These findings suggest that β-adrenergic receptor-induced inhibition of keratinocyte migration is mediated through inhibition of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in a cyclic adenosine monophosphate-independent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1261-1268
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume119
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Cell motility
  • Isoproterenol
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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