α-difluoromethylornithine effects on nitrosourea-induced cytotoxicity and crosslinking in a methylation excision repair positive (MER+ human cell line

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Abstract

We investigated the cytotoxic effects of nitrosoureas with and without a 42-hr preincubation with the ornithine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.17) inhibitor α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO, 1 mM) in a MER+ (methylation excision repair positive) human cell line. DFMO combined with a chloroethyl nitrosourea [1,3-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) or 1-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (CNU)] yielded increased toxicity with D37 ratios of 1.9 and 3.3 respectively. There was no enhanced toxicity with the monofunctional nitrosourea 1-ethyl-1-nitrosourea (ENU). BCNU or CNU did not induce DNA-DNA interstrand crosslinks in cells with or without a DFMO pretreatment. DNA single-strand breakage was not increased by addition of DFMO. BCNU-induced DNA-protein crosslinking was decreased in cells pretreated with DFMO. These findings are similar to those in MER- cells in that the chloroethyl carbonium alkylating species is required for the enhanced cytotoxicity seen with DFMO. The ability to form DNA interstrand crosslinks, however, does not appear to be necessary for this toxicity enhancement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2169-2174
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume36
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Eflornithine
Methylation
Cytotoxicity
Carmustine
DNA Repair
Crosslinking
Repair
Cells
Cell Line
DNA
Toxicity
Ornithine Decarboxylase
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "α-difluoromethylornithine effects on nitrosourea-induced cytotoxicity and crosslinking in a methylation excision repair positive (MER+ human cell line",
abstract = "We investigated the cytotoxic effects of nitrosoureas with and without a 42-hr preincubation with the ornithine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.17) inhibitor α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO, 1 mM) in a MER+ (methylation excision repair positive) human cell line. DFMO combined with a chloroethyl nitrosourea [1,3-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) or 1-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (CNU)] yielded increased toxicity with D37 ratios of 1.9 and 3.3 respectively. There was no enhanced toxicity with the monofunctional nitrosourea 1-ethyl-1-nitrosourea (ENU). BCNU or CNU did not induce DNA-DNA interstrand crosslinks in cells with or without a DFMO pretreatment. DNA single-strand breakage was not increased by addition of DFMO. BCNU-induced DNA-protein crosslinking was decreased in cells pretreated with DFMO. These findings are similar to those in MER- cells in that the chloroethyl carbonium alkylating species is required for the enhanced cytotoxicity seen with DFMO. The ability to form DNA interstrand crosslinks, however, does not appear to be necessary for this toxicity enhancement.",
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AU - Ducore, Jonathan M

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AB - We investigated the cytotoxic effects of nitrosoureas with and without a 42-hr preincubation with the ornithine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.17) inhibitor α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO, 1 mM) in a MER+ (methylation excision repair positive) human cell line. DFMO combined with a chloroethyl nitrosourea [1,3-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) or 1-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (CNU)] yielded increased toxicity with D37 ratios of 1.9 and 3.3 respectively. There was no enhanced toxicity with the monofunctional nitrosourea 1-ethyl-1-nitrosourea (ENU). BCNU or CNU did not induce DNA-DNA interstrand crosslinks in cells with or without a DFMO pretreatment. DNA single-strand breakage was not increased by addition of DFMO. BCNU-induced DNA-protein crosslinking was decreased in cells pretreated with DFMO. These findings are similar to those in MER- cells in that the chloroethyl carbonium alkylating species is required for the enhanced cytotoxicity seen with DFMO. The ability to form DNA interstrand crosslinks, however, does not appear to be necessary for this toxicity enhancement.

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