µ-Opioid receptors inhibit the exercise pressor reflex by closing N-type calcium channels but not by opening GIRK channels in rats

Juan A. Estrada, Marc P Kaufman

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Abstract

µ-Opioid G protein-coupled receptors (MOR) interact with ion channels to decrease neuronal excitability. In humans, intrathecal administration of the MOR agonist fentanyl inhibits the exercise pressor reflex, an effect that can be attributed to either the opening of inward rectifying potassium channels (GIRK) or the closing of N-type calcium channels. The purpose of this study was to determine if the highly selective MOR agonist [d-Ala2,N-MePhe4,Gly-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO) attenuates the exercise pressor reflex and which of these two channels are responsible for this effect. In decerebrate rats, we determined the effect of intrathecal injection of either tertiapin-LQ, which blocks the GIRK channel or ω-conotoxin-GVIA, which blocks the N-type calcium channel on the exercise pressor reflex, which was evoked by contracting the triceps surae muscles. Initially, we established that intrathecal injection of DAMGO inhibited the exercise pressor reflex relative to no intrathecal injection or intrathecal saline injection (P < 0.001, n = 5). We then found that intrathecal injection of two doses of tertiapin-LQ (1 and 10 µg) had no effect on the exercise pressor reflex (n = 6 and n = 7, respectively; P > 0.05). Importantly, neither dose of tertiapin-LQ prevented the DAMGO-induced inhibition of the exercise pressor reflex. Last, we found that intrathecal injection of ω-conotoxin-GVIA markedly attenuated the exercise pressor reflex (P < 0.001, n = 7). The cardioaccelerator response to contraction did not appear to be effected in any of the experiments. We conclude that N-type voltage-gated calcium channel inhibition appears to be the mechanism by which MOR activation inhibits the exercise pressor reflex in decerebrate rats.

LanguageEnglish (US)
PagesR693-R699
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume314
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

N-Type Calcium Channels
Opioid Receptors
Spinal Injections
Reflex
Enkephalins
omega-Conotoxin GVIA
G Protein-Coupled Inwardly-Rectifying Potassium Channels
Fentanyl
Calcium Channels
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Ion Channels
Opioid Analgesics
Muscles

Keywords

  • Arterial pressure
  • Autonomic function
  • Circulatory control
  • GIRK channels
  • Heart rate
  • Sympathetic nervous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "µ-Opioid receptors inhibit the exercise pressor reflex by closing N-type calcium channels but not by opening GIRK channels in rats",
abstract = "µ-Opioid G protein-coupled receptors (MOR) interact with ion channels to decrease neuronal excitability. In humans, intrathecal administration of the MOR agonist fentanyl inhibits the exercise pressor reflex, an effect that can be attributed to either the opening of inward rectifying potassium channels (GIRK) or the closing of N-type calcium channels. The purpose of this study was to determine if the highly selective MOR agonist [d-Ala2,N-MePhe4,Gly-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO) attenuates the exercise pressor reflex and which of these two channels are responsible for this effect. In decerebrate rats, we determined the effect of intrathecal injection of either tertiapin-LQ, which blocks the GIRK channel or ω-conotoxin-GVIA, which blocks the N-type calcium channel on the exercise pressor reflex, which was evoked by contracting the triceps surae muscles. Initially, we established that intrathecal injection of DAMGO inhibited the exercise pressor reflex relative to no intrathecal injection or intrathecal saline injection (P < 0.001, n = 5). We then found that intrathecal injection of two doses of tertiapin-LQ (1 and 10 µg) had no effect on the exercise pressor reflex (n = 6 and n = 7, respectively; P > 0.05). Importantly, neither dose of tertiapin-LQ prevented the DAMGO-induced inhibition of the exercise pressor reflex. Last, we found that intrathecal injection of ω-conotoxin-GVIA markedly attenuated the exercise pressor reflex (P < 0.001, n = 7). The cardioaccelerator response to contraction did not appear to be effected in any of the experiments. We conclude that N-type voltage-gated calcium channel inhibition appears to be the mechanism by which MOR activation inhibits the exercise pressor reflex in decerebrate rats.",
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AU - Estrada, Juan A.

AU - Kaufman, Marc P

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N2 - µ-Opioid G protein-coupled receptors (MOR) interact with ion channels to decrease neuronal excitability. In humans, intrathecal administration of the MOR agonist fentanyl inhibits the exercise pressor reflex, an effect that can be attributed to either the opening of inward rectifying potassium channels (GIRK) or the closing of N-type calcium channels. The purpose of this study was to determine if the highly selective MOR agonist [d-Ala2,N-MePhe4,Gly-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO) attenuates the exercise pressor reflex and which of these two channels are responsible for this effect. In decerebrate rats, we determined the effect of intrathecal injection of either tertiapin-LQ, which blocks the GIRK channel or ω-conotoxin-GVIA, which blocks the N-type calcium channel on the exercise pressor reflex, which was evoked by contracting the triceps surae muscles. Initially, we established that intrathecal injection of DAMGO inhibited the exercise pressor reflex relative to no intrathecal injection or intrathecal saline injection (P < 0.001, n = 5). We then found that intrathecal injection of two doses of tertiapin-LQ (1 and 10 µg) had no effect on the exercise pressor reflex (n = 6 and n = 7, respectively; P > 0.05). Importantly, neither dose of tertiapin-LQ prevented the DAMGO-induced inhibition of the exercise pressor reflex. Last, we found that intrathecal injection of ω-conotoxin-GVIA markedly attenuated the exercise pressor reflex (P < 0.001, n = 7). The cardioaccelerator response to contraction did not appear to be effected in any of the experiments. We conclude that N-type voltage-gated calcium channel inhibition appears to be the mechanism by which MOR activation inhibits the exercise pressor reflex in decerebrate rats.

AB - µ-Opioid G protein-coupled receptors (MOR) interact with ion channels to decrease neuronal excitability. In humans, intrathecal administration of the MOR agonist fentanyl inhibits the exercise pressor reflex, an effect that can be attributed to either the opening of inward rectifying potassium channels (GIRK) or the closing of N-type calcium channels. The purpose of this study was to determine if the highly selective MOR agonist [d-Ala2,N-MePhe4,Gly-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO) attenuates the exercise pressor reflex and which of these two channels are responsible for this effect. In decerebrate rats, we determined the effect of intrathecal injection of either tertiapin-LQ, which blocks the GIRK channel or ω-conotoxin-GVIA, which blocks the N-type calcium channel on the exercise pressor reflex, which was evoked by contracting the triceps surae muscles. Initially, we established that intrathecal injection of DAMGO inhibited the exercise pressor reflex relative to no intrathecal injection or intrathecal saline injection (P < 0.001, n = 5). We then found that intrathecal injection of two doses of tertiapin-LQ (1 and 10 µg) had no effect on the exercise pressor reflex (n = 6 and n = 7, respectively; P > 0.05). Importantly, neither dose of tertiapin-LQ prevented the DAMGO-induced inhibition of the exercise pressor reflex. Last, we found that intrathecal injection of ω-conotoxin-GVIA markedly attenuated the exercise pressor reflex (P < 0.001, n = 7). The cardioaccelerator response to contraction did not appear to be effected in any of the experiments. We conclude that N-type voltage-gated calcium channel inhibition appears to be the mechanism by which MOR activation inhibits the exercise pressor reflex in decerebrate rats.

KW - Arterial pressure

KW - Autonomic function

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KW - Heart rate

KW - Sympathetic nervous system

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