Rapid Multipathogen Detection for POCT and National Diaster Readiness

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of the UC Davis-Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) point-of-care testing (POCT) Center is to improve the accessibility, portability, and field robustness of POC devices for critical care units, emergency rooms, community hospitals, rural areas, and disaster response sites. Core 1. The LLNL team will develop a compact user-friendly POC system that uses isothermal loop mediated amplification (LAMP) for simultaneous detection of multiple pathogens (Candida sp., E. Colt, Pseudomonas, Staph. Aureus, and Strep. Pneumoniae) in human whole-blood samples, with reduction to practice as one prototype for hospital settings and a second more robust prototype for rapid field diagnosis in emergencies and disasters. Core 2. The UCD team will test the Core 1 prototypes and facilitate the development of new POC devices consistent with the overall theme of critical-emergencv-disaster care and also serve as a Network resource for the evaluation of emerging POC technologies to define environmental tolerance limits for heat, cold, humidity, shock, and water exposure (e.g., Hurricane Katrina). Core 3. Early practical trials and needs assessment surveys will generate robustness criteria and evidence-based standards for POCT implementation in DMATs (Disaster Management Assistance Teams), mobile rescue units, and small-world networks; worldwide web-based distance learning and workshops will educate, train, and disseminate vital information from our new state-of-the-art Education Building and William F. Blaisdell Medical Library at UCDMC. Core 4. The POCT Center will train healthcare and technical developers in clinical applications of rapid pathogen detection and in POCT practices for adverse environments found in disasters. Core 5. Integrative leadership will move POCT discoveries swiftly into daily medical practice. POC connectivity trials with Telemedicine at UCDMC and the Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters, UC San Diego, will deploy POCT for emergencies. The UCD-LLNL Center will advance public health by developing new POC devices that accelerate diagnosis and treatment of life-threatening bloodstream infections, prepare our nation for future disasters, and enhance patient survival and outcomes through rapid decision making at the bedside in hospitals, during acute care in emergency rooms, and for field rescue when disasters strike.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/076/30/14

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $1,824,208.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $285,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $54,808.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $1,939,935.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $581,257.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $2,080,348.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $1,749,773.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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Disasters
Cyclonic Storms
Equipment and Supplies
Education
Critical Care
Medical education
Needs Assessment
Emergencies
Tsunamis
Hospital Emergency Service
Quality control
Medical Libraries
Distance Education
Telemedicine
Community Hospital
Delivery of Health Care
Humidity
Information Systems
Clinical Chemistry
Point-of-Care Testing

ASJC

  • Engineering(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)