Longitudinal Cognitive ERP studies: Advancement for AD Clinical Trials

Project: Research project

Description

? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal aims to validate cognitive event-related brain potential (ERP) biomarkers of disease progression in populations eligible to enroll in AD clinical drug trials. We will use a comprehensive ERP protocol which elicits 5 cognitive ERP components (P50, P300, N400, LPC and Frontal Positivity (FP)), each with demonstrated high sensitivity to early Alzheimer disease (AD). A systematic study which compares the relative sensitivity and stability of these ERP components is needed, in this era of validated amyloid biomarkers sensitive to early AD. We will study >200 elderly participants (60 pre-clinical AD, 50 amyloid biomarker - normal elderly, 50 amnestic MCI & 40 mild AD study completers) with longitudinal cognitive ERP/EEG, brain MRI and neuropsychological testing. The project will test the feasibility of multicenter ERP studies, develop infrastructure, refine methodology, and determine how ERPs can be best used to detect the AD pathophysiologic process and to measure changes over time. This study will advance our knowledge of how to use ERPs in AD treatment trials, e.g. for sample enrichment in prevention trials, and as outcome measures. Specific Aims: 1) To validate the utility of baseline ERPs in predicting longitudinal trajectories n cognitive decline and brain atrophy. 2) To test the hypothesis that our comprehensive ERP battery will assist the in vivo staging of the AD pathophysiologic process. 3) To test the hypothesis that ERPs are highly sensitive to changes in the AD pathophysiologic process over time and will provide useful biomarkers for tracking disease progression. Methods: We will recruit elderly subjects (age 60-90; n =252, 74 with Preclinical AD (Pre-AD), 62 amyloid biomarker-negative Normal Old (NO) subjects, 62 amnestic MCI, and 54 mild AD dementia). All enrolled subjects will receive an amyloid PET study, longitudinal ERP/EEG and brain MRI. All subjects will be studied with repeat annual ERP testing for 2 years and MRI 1 year after the baseline study, providing longitudinal ERP, structural MRI, neuropsychological and functional data. 32 channel ERP/EEG will be obtained using a comprehensive ERP battery which assesses automatic (P50) and controlled (P300) attention, language (N400) and memory (verbal and visual, with LPC and FP measures) processes. Significance: Sensitive, reliable markers of synaptic dysfunction and incipient AD in its preclinical stages are needed. This proposal, by validating ERP biomarkers of disease progression in populations most relevant to current AD clinical drug trials, will have important applications to primary prevention trials, disease-modifying and targeted cognitive therapies. This study will allow the rational application of specific ERP paradigms, best suited to preclinical vs. prodromal vs. demented populations. More wide application of sensitive ERP/EEG techniques could have major impact on reducing the requisite sample sizes and costs of AD treatment trials.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date9/1/154/30/20

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $957,278.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $893,896.00

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Evoked Potentials
Alzheimer Disease
Clinical Trials
Brain
Biomarkers
Amyloid
Electroencephalography
Disease Progression
Process Assessment (Health Care)
Longitudinal Studies
Population
P300 Event-Related Potentials
Cost of Illness
Cognitive Therapy
Primary Prevention
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Sample Size
Atrophy

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)