? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The microbial community inhabiting the large intestine confers protection against enteric pathogens, a property known as colonization resistance. A disruption of the microbial community by antibiotic treatment is accompanied with increased susceptibility to infections with enteric pathogens, such as Salmonella enterica. However, the mechanisms lowering colonization resistance after antibiotic treatment remain poorly understood, which represents a key gap in knowledge that will be addressed in this application. Our central hypothesis is that antibiotic treatment induces a mild inflammatory response associated with the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, which in turn react with carbohydrates to generate inflammation-derived nutrients that fuel luminal growth of S. enterica. We will test key aspects of our hypothesis by determining whether oxidized carbohydrates reduce colonization resistance against S. Typhimurium after antibiotic treatment (Aim 1). It is our expectation that successful completion of the proposed experiments will establish the innovative new concept that the local inflammatory response creates a unique nutritional environment that is conducive to a bloom of enteric pathogens capable of utilizing inflammation-derived nutrients. Successful completion will be significant because results from this work will have broad relevance for understanding the mechanisms underlying colonization resistance against enteric pathogens, changes in microbial communities during conditions of intestinal inflammation (e.g. inflammatory bowel disease), and the pathogenesis of antibiotic-related intestinal disorders (e.g. irritable bowel syndrome).
|Effective start/end date||12/1/14 → 11/30/16|
- National Institutes of Health: $233,876.00
- National Institutes of Health: $195,885.00
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
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