AIDS KNOWLEDGE &BELIEFS IN MULTIETHNIC SCHOOL CHILDREN

Project: Research project

Description

The Oakland Schools AIDS Prevention Project (OSAP) will focus on an AIDS
high-risk, multiethnic, urban population of elementary school children to
ascertain their beliefs and concepts of health and disease processes,
specifically AIDS, so that an effective AIDS preventive curriculum may be
developed. Major strengths of this project include: 1) a unique coalition
of a public school system, parent and community leaders, community
organizations, and health professional which will oversee and participate
actively in the project; 2) the rich ethnic diversity present in the
Oakland public schools; 3) application of research techniques appropriate
to emotional and to cognitive development in 6-12 year old children; 4)
strong evaluation components for each step of the project; and 5)
implementation in a population of vulnerable children for whom AIDS
prevention is critical Key features of the OSAP Elementary School
Projection are that it reinforces links within a broad coalition of
multicultural community and academic groups and extends this coalitions's
preliminary research that lays critical groundwork for the current
proposal. The OSAP Elementary School project is designed to gather critical
information about: 1) children's concepts of infectious diseases; 2)
psychological correlates of disease concepts; 3) sociocultural correlates
of disease concepts; and 4) educational implications based on a
multiethnic, elementary school children's understanding of disease
processes. To accomplish these goals, a 3-year project is proposed. The
first year will be devoted to the development of the instrument with pilot
testing in 1st, 3rd and 5th graders, training of individuals (including
bilingual personnel) to administer the instrument, training of teachers and
doing the necessary community outreach to successfully implement this
program in a multicultural community. The second year will be primarily
devoted to administering the instrument to 300 elementary school children
evenly divided among Black, Latino and White 1st, 3rd and 5th graders.
ADditionally, the parents of these students will be surveyed in the second
year so that additional information about the sociocultural correlates of
disease concepts can be ascertained. The third year will be used for data
analysis, dissemination of information and working with the Oakland Unified
School District to evaluate the educational implications of the information
and to begin to plan appropriate curricula.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/906/30/94

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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schoolchild
AIDS
elementary school
Disease
school
community
coalition
parents
curriculum
cognitive development
urban population
school system
health professionals
contagious disease
research method
personnel
district
leader
present
teacher

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)